This Is More Proof Your CBD Oil Should Be Full Spectrum
Thanks to new research by a group of Italian scientists, we now have even more proof that the entire hemp plant can benefit both your health and the health of your pets in a multitude of ways. This study is another nail in the coffin for the term “CBD” oil as we are seeing more and more companies changing its name to full spectrum hemp, PCR oil, and hemp pet oil.
CBD vs Hemp Oil vs Full Spectrum Hemp
Expect to see a lot of terminology changes in the next few years when it comes to all things hemp and cannabis. Current cannabis terminology is faulty in a lot of ways so let’s focus on CBD oil.
90% of the time CBD products are full spectrum. Full spectrum means the CBD oil contains all the cannabinoids and terpenes found in hemp, not just CBD.
This is because all the cannabinoids and terpenes have a synergistic relationship where they are stronger together than by themselves. For example, certain cannabinoids and terpenes allow other cannabinoids such as CBD, to more easily pass through the blood-brain barrier. As well, they provide unique therapeutic properties along with overlapping and reinforcing CBD’s.
We called it CBD oil, because CBD is the cannabinoid in hemp that is highest in abundance. It also has the most profound therapeutic properties when compared to another other cannabinoids or terpenes in hemp.
Because CBD is the leader of the cannabinoids and terpenes, calling full spectrum hemp extract, CBD oil, will stick around for a bit. However, we are seeing the term phytocannabinoid rich oil (PCR) replacing the term “CBD” more and more as well. But even that doesn’t fully explain what’s going on according to our Italian study.
What This Study Showed
Researchers discovered that breathing in hemp essential oil produced calming effects commonly seen with meditation and yoga. They discovered this by taking full spectrum hemp through a distillation process which separates the cannabinoids and terpenes from each other.
With the cannabinoids removed, the hemp oil still rich with the terpenes, was administered to the test group, while almond oil was administered to the control group.
By monitoring heart rate, brain waves, body temperature, the rate of breathing, and blood pressure, scientists discovered that the group receiving hemp oil were overall calmer and significantly less anxious. The test group even saw improvements in pain levels when compared to the control group.
What are Terpenes?
You often hear about terpenes when talking about cannabis-related topics, but terpenes are found in many plants and vegetation around the world, especially in conifers and citrus trees. Terpenes are the essential oils of plants, and they give them their aroma. Terpenes, along with the cannabinoids, are hemp plants natural protection against diseases, pests, and other treats.
Terpenes are well known for their vast array of aromas — this is why some marijuana strains have a citrusy aroma while others smell like pine. It all has to do with the terpenes they have, and more importantly, the ratio they are found in.
Terpenes Found in Hemp
Myrcene is the most prevalent terpene found in cannabis plants, but you can also find it in high amounts in mangos, thyme, hops, lemongrass, and basil. It’s often associated with causing more sedative effects when found in high concentrations. There are some that believe eating a mango that’s rich in myrcene can prolong or increase the effectiveness of CBD products. The reason for this is myrcene is one of the cannabinoids that allow the other cannabinoids to more easily pass the blood-brain barrier.
Myrcene potential effects and benefits: Analgesic (pain relief), anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and sedation
Linalool produces a delicate, but complex floral aroma. Lavender is hailed all the time as a great plant for reducing stress and anxiety, and this is due to linalool. In one study, scientists discovered rats that inhaled linalool before being introduced to a stressful situation, were able to quickly return to near-normal stress levels compared to the rats in the control group.
Linaloll’s potential effects and benefits: Analgesic, Anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-epileptic, and sedation.
Alpha-Pinene likes going in the opposite direction of myrcene by producing a piney aroma and counteracting some effects of THC, notably producing alertness. This terpene is, of course, found in pine needles, but you can also find it in rosemary, basil, parsley, and dill.
Alpha-Pinene potential effects and benefits: Wakefulness, analgesic, anti-anxiety, anti-inflammation, and treatment of cancer.
The Future of Hemp Oil
So now you know why “CBD” isn’t the best term to describe the oil extracted from hemp’s flowers and stalks. What will be the final name is anyone’s guess?
With so much attention on the cannabinoids and terpenes, we have companies going the extra step with short-path distillation. Distillation removes all non-beneficial plant material along with separating the cannabinoids from both themselves and the terpenes.
This process allows us to reintroduce the cannabinoids and terpenes back together in different ratios creating illness-specific full spectrum hemp oil. Soon we may have “Full Spectrum Hemp for Anxiety” or “PCR Oil for Sleep”.