Excited to give your pet CBD oil, but unsure about some aspect of the process? If so, this article is for you. I’m going to tell you everything you need to know for finding the best CBD hemp oil. As well, I’ll show you how much CBD you’ll want to give to your four-legged fur nuggets.
Which CBD Oil: Hemp vs Marijuana
All CBD oil comes from cannabis plants with there being two main plant varieties: hemp and marijuana. While some cannabis plants are psychoactive and cause a high, this isn’t the case for all cannabis plants. Hemp is the variety that is missing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the only active chemical in marijuana that produces its high.
Because THC is the real target and not cannabis plants in general, hemp is now labeled industrial hemp which means it legally has to have 0.03 THC or less. Besides being legal across the U.S., CBD oil derived from hemp is what you need for your pet. Humans are one of the rare animals that don’t have an extreme reaction to THC, and it’s not toxic to us. But this isn’t the case for our four-legged best friends.
Which Form of CBD
Oils, tinctures, treats, and capsules; every day we are getting new and different ways to give CBD to our pets, so which CBD product is the best?
For starters, CBD oil is the base for all CBD products. 90% of the time CBD oil it’s just full spectrum hemp extract (CBD) and a carrier oil — carrier oils are needed to dilute the hemp extract, as well, they improve its bioavailability and stability.
When buying from a single company, the quality of the hemp extract should stay constant. If you see a CBD oil with poor reviews, expect the other CBD products to share the same issues.
Oil is currently the fastest acting as sublingual use allows the CBD oil to be directly absorbed into the bloodstream — onset effects occur 10-20 minutes after administering. Hemp treats and capsules will be digested first so expect an onset time anywhere from 30 to 60 minutes.
There are a few rules you’ll want to follow when it comes to dosing. First, you’ll want a ruff idea of their weight — sorry, I had too! After that, you can use these numbers to help you find the appropriate dosage tier.
- Tier 1: Low — 0.022 mg/lb
- Tier 2: Average — 0.068 mg/lb
- Tier 3: High — 0.136 mg/lb
It’s always best to start in the first tier for a week to gauge your pet’s reaction to their CBD. For preventive and general health, feel free to stay within this tier. For chronic and more serious conditions, tier 2 is where most pet owners find CBD helps their pet the most. There is little concern if you want to move into tier 3 as a “high” dose is still quite mild — the recommended maximum dose is 1-2 mg per pound.Now, if your pet is on medication metabolized in the liver, you’ll want to check out the next topic because dosing may be different for you. Oh, and if you don’t want to do the math yourself, here is a vet cbd dosing chart & calculator that does all the work for you.
Dosage Part 2: Side Effects
Comprehensive research shows that CBD oil is extremely safe, especially when it comes to the pharmaceuticals CBD can replace. For the most part, you may see some stomach discomfort which usually resides itself. With higher doses you may see your pet get slightly lethargic as CBD can help promote sleep — most likely your pet will get a slight boost in energy as CBD dosage is biphasic when it comes to its effects on the wake/sleep cycle.
There is one side effect you should be aware of. Above I mentioned medications metabolized in the liver — otherwise known as hepatic drugs. CBD can temporarily deactivate CYP enzymes whose only real responsibility is metabolizing drugs. As such, this can delay metabolization and potentially increase the drug’s concentration in the body. Most pets won’t see an issue where their CBD is negatively interacting with their prescription meditation. However, caution should be taken with epileptic medication because in rare cases low doses of CBD were able to deactivate enough CYP enzymes while being too low itself to provide anticonvulsant properties to make up for this.
However, even when researchers saw this negative interaction, they still recommended continued use. They found that the answer was to simply raise CBD’s dosage — after this, both seizures and the anticonvulsant medication for it dropped to previously unseen levels.
More Tips and Tricks For Finding The Best CBD OIl
Before you go, check out these additional tips for finding the best CBD oil.
You might be able to give your pet your own CBD. First, be aware that your CBD is more concentrated, and as such, dosages from it may be too high for your pet — especially if they are a small dog or cat. The other thing to look out for is whether your oil is full spectrum or isolate. If you don’t know the difference, full spectrum CBD oil contains CBD plus the other 100+ phytocannabinoids and terpenes. This does two vital things:
First, the therapeutic range of the oil is improved because the other molecules provide their own additional benefits.
Second, they also make it easy for CBD to get absorbed into the bloodstream. CBD isolate is difficult to dose because it lacks the cannabinoids and terpenes whose main job is to make it easier for the others guys and gals to pass the blood-brain barrier. Isolate does work better for some people, but it’s too difficult to tell if it’s working effectively for our pets. Maybe once they can speak and communicate their thoughts and feelings, they can tell us how they like CBD isolate.
Certificate of Analysis (COA)
This shows the lab tested results of a companies’ CBD hemp products. You can use it to compare to the product’s label to ensure both CBD and THC info matches. Good hemp companies make it easy for you to find this right on their website.
Make It Gold Standard
Using raw hemp extract for CBD oil is so 2017, now it’s all about using hemp distillate. When you take the raw hemp extract and put it through a process known as short-path distillation, you remove all non-beneficial plant matter that reduces the quality. This raises the potency of the CBD product and produces a clear or gold oil which is free from the grassy unpleasant taste that many dislike about raw hemp.
Hemp doesn’t need pesticides, fungicides, etc. because CBD and the other phytocannabinoids are the plant’s defenses against nasties of all types. This is why phytocannabinoids have antibiotic, analgesic, and other medicinal properties.
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